EMERGENCY MANAGEMENT

USING THE NFPA 1600 2007 STANDARD

NFPA 1600 2007 is NOW OBSOLETE. See ISO 22301 2012.

The NFPA 1600 standard uses the best practices from three separate
specialties: emergency management, disaster management, and
business continuity management
. The result is a single integrated
approach. NFPA calls this a "Total Program Approach". If you apply the
NFPA 1600 standard to your Emergency Management Program, you
will be applying the accumulated wisdom and experience of experts
from three important areas.

The purpose of the NFPA 1600 standard is to help you
establish an effective Emergency Management Program.

According to the new NFPA 1600 standard, your
Emergency Management Program must include a:
  • Prevention Phase

  • Mitigation Phase

  • Preparation Phase

  • Response Phase

  • Recovery Phase

Prevention Phase

Prevention means to avoid an incident or emergency.
Incidents and emergencies can be avoided by:

  • Developing a prevention strategy

  • Establishing prevention programs

  • Implementing preventive systems

  • Preparing prevention plans

  • Performing preventive actions

  • Taking preventive measures

Mitigation Phase

Mitigation is a process. Its purpose is to:

  • Control the impact of hazardous incidents and emergencies

  • Reduce the severity of hazardous incidents and emergencies

  • Limit the damage and loss that tends to occur when prevention fails

Preparation Phase

Preparedness means being ready to deal with future disasters and
emergencies. Your jurisdiction, organization, or company has achieved a
state of preparedness if it has established all the activities, systems, and 
procedures needed to manage future disasters and emergencies. You're
prepared if you've defined all the tasks and activities that should be
performed and if you've set up the infrastructure that you need in
order to be able to prevent, mitigate, respond to, and recover
from disasters and emergencies.

Response Phase

A response is an activity or task that is carried out or a program or
system that is used to manage incidents that threaten people, property,
operations, or the environment. Responses are both immediate and
ongoing and should address both the incident and its effects.

Recovery Phase

Recovery means to restore services, facilities, programs, and
infrastructure after a disaster or emergency. Recovery means to restore
things back to a level that is acceptable to the company, organization, or
jurisdiction that experienced the disaster or emergency.

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